Select Page

Your Health

HelloDoc has partnered with various  doctors, therapist and dentists to bring you reliable information about medical conditions and your health.

Look at your health according to

  • Body systems head to toe
  • Conditions that affect you
  • Therapy and management

Your Health

Skin

 

7 important things about your skin

  • It is the largest organ of your body
  • It protects you against infections and diseases
  • It controls body temperature
  • Sensitive to touch, heat and cold
  • Fluids are excreted through sweat glands
  • Vitamin D is produced in your skin with the help of sunlight
  • There are 3 layers that make up your skin;
    • Epidermis – outer layer (keratin and melanin cells)
    • Dermis – inner layer (blood vessels, connective tissue, glands and hair follicles, some fatty tissue)
    • Sub-cutis; this is a layer where the nerve cells and more fatty tissues are found

Hair and nails are part of your skin.

Your GP will assess your skin condition based on the way it looks and feels:

 

  • Macula (spot)
    • Not elevated
    • Not able to feel it
    • Different colours (white, red, pink, brown)
    • Varying edges (sharp or non-sharp)
    • Examples are petechiae, rubella, hyperpigmentation, mole, vitiligo
  • Papule
    • slightly elevated
    • small (less than 1 cm)
    • usually the colour of the skin type
    • examples are acne, warts, elevated mole
  • Node
    • Lies deeper than the superficial layer of the skin
    • usually larger than 0,5 cm in diameter
    • as a result of extra tissue formation
    • example lipoma
  • Wheal
  • Vesicles
  • Bullae
  • Pustules
  • Cyst
  • Warts
  • Plaques
  • Crusts
    • examples impetigo
  • Ulcer
  • Scars
  • Keloids
Head

Scalp

When you look at your head the first thing you notice is hair growth and pattern. As males age, they start to lose their hair along the forehead towards the back. This is a natural process in males. However in females this can be a sign of a medical condition.

The most common disease of the hair is alopecia areata. This is round pattern boldness on the scalp of the head.

If you experience increased hair loss that occurs in a short period of time it could be due to intoxication with certain chemicals like thallium or in pregnant women.

Another cause of hair loss is treatment like chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

Eyebrows

Loss of eyebrows especially the outer part can occur in conditions like hypothyroidism. However this is a common pattern of eyebrow loss as people age.

Face

Facial hair growth varies between cultures and from males to females. In certain races facial hair growth is more pronounced than in other races. Cushing syndrome present with oedema of the face, red cheeks and increased facial hair growth. 

Pain on palpation of the side of the face suggests temporal arthritis with decreased arterial pulsations.

Eyes

 Important conditions of the eyes include those that bulge in conditions like hyperthyroidism, Graves disease (both eyes affected) or a local tumor. 

Note discolouration in and around the eye, changes in the pupil size and pain. 

A pupil reflex is normal when light shined in an eye causes the pupil to constrict. In the dark, pupils are typically large in size.

Chest
Arms
Abdomen
Pelvis
Legs
General unspecified

Fever 

Blood related

Anemia

Digestive

Cramps

Abdomen
Eyes

Painful red eye

Ears

Otitis media

Cardiovascular

Palpitations

Musculoskeletal
Neurological

Dizziness

Psychological
Respiratory

Cough

Short of breath

Skin

Superficial burns

Superficial wounds

Bruises

Frostbite

Hair loss

Seborrheic dermatitis

Ringworms (scalp)

Bacterial infection of the skin

Acne

Shingles

Cysts

Fatty cysts

Fibroids of the skin

Boils

Rash

Warts

Scars

Striae

Vitiligo

Dry skin

Sweaty skin

Insect bites

Animal bites

Fish bites

Scabies

Endocrine

Menopause 

Urological

Painful urination

Pregnancy related

Pregnant

Female genitalia

Vaginal blood loss

Male genitalia

Impotence

Social

Problems with my partner

Teeth & Gums

Dental phobia 

Heart
Vascular system

Fever 

Anaemia

Anemia

Anti-inflammatory

Cramps

Respiratory system
Kidney

Painful red eye

Digestive system

Otitis media

Diabetes Mellitus

Palpitations

Obesity

Knee pain

Pituitary gland and adrenal cortex

Dizziness

Thyroid

Anxiety

Depression

Reproductive system

Cough

Short of breath

Bone metabolism

Rash

Nervous system

Menopause 

Pain killers

Painful urination

Antiepileptic

Pregnant

Antipsychotic

Vaginal blood loss

Antiviral

Impotence

Antifungal

Problems with my partner

Antibacterial

Sign up for our monthly newsletter for latest news on Your Health